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Presentation: Mobile Technology's Impact on Learning
Presenter: Tim Bajarin
Technology in Learning - have to dedicate 20 hours per week to keep up in just mobile space.
- Pace of change tough for a technologist.
Jobs understood - his job is to simplify technology
Kids adapt to technology very fast.
- It's part of who they are and what do. Apply to day
- Mobility key component to that
Evolution of the computer (seen in mainframe/server, same cycle mini, same cycle desktops
- Golden Age
- Standard Platform
- Buildup of compatible hw
- Value shift to sw
- Value shift to services
We are at golden age with mobile.
- but currently no standard platform, compatible hw, sw, or services
- Unique opportunities
If you look across devices - multiple op system, multiple applications, no consistency
- Fight between the major platforms
- Right now - Apple will be dominant (iOS), Google (android/Chrome) will be important 2nd
- MS and Nokia - warning: Windows 8 mobile not as well done as Apple's but will be competitive
+ Can take touch API and put on education sw to make work better. Why high in the horse race
Normally - will see with ONE sw standard. MOst likely will have to live with 3 in mobile environment
Enabling next generation mobility
- Increasing CPU power
- Cloud-based apps and services
- Advances in batteries and miniaturization
Movement towards low-voltage is driving improvements in mobility.
- Power devices that run at 2 GHz, but getting close to using sub 1 watt power.
- Major implications for battery life
Tablets - greatest interest in education
- Creating new learning possibilities
- Think about the slate tablets. iPad kinda evolved from that.
+ iPad will (is) be the definer in the market
Tablets - content consumption vs. content creation
- Lean back = content consumption
+ 80% of all computer usage content consumption (browsing, reading, video, music, researching, etc)
- Lean forward = content creation
Can go to mobility device - emphasize content consumption
- In context of learning experience. Before - kid to college, laptop.
- Now - kids buying all in 1 PC OR large laptop that never leaves room and netbook or tablet for class.
iPad in Education
(OK - then I thought about the Lean Back song. Maybe I shouldn't drink so much caffeine at a conference)
Did not find similar example for Android.
Apple side has a huge lead in education (they did in early education too. Remember when it was Macs in the classroom?)
In 2014, Apple will still dominate tablets
- Apple has 2 year lead over competition
- $60 billion in competition
- Volume pre-purchase of component
- World-class supply chain
- Best SW Developer kit
- Attention to detail
+ This is going to cause a level of stickiness to products that we don't understand yet.
+ This will make the user experience far superior to what is out there right now (ie - google should be afraid)
iPads strongest platform for seeing results - as reported by educators
On Android side, lots of diversity
Windows - some devices in 2012 with Windows 8
- Windows on ARM processor will be a big deal. Will force price points of Windows laptops and tablets down.
Mobile eLearning - eventually device independent?
- Student uses own preferred digital device. Use on or off line
- In web-based side of world (HTML5 / HTML6) - able to run locally an app.
+ Video encoder/decoder built in (no separate Flash install)
+ Why Jobs made such a stink about Adobe Flash.
- Right now, we still don't have ubiquitous connectivity.
+ Why we still need to install locally on device
Most SW developers moving to HTML 5 (I think forced by lack of iPad / iPod Flash capabilities)
We need to get tablets.
- Have to use one to understand impact on market
- This is the first footprint where see the breakthroughs
- Tablets are a mobile screen.
- Why important? There is nothing magic in the hardware. Everything is in the software.
- These tools are a vehicle to deliver - apps and web
- Like bigger screen - eyes getting older. Easier to read and view.
+ Your screen to information
We are eventually going to have a bunch of screens in our digital lifestyle.
- Off = blanks.
- We already have screens in cars, refrigerator (some have velcro on ipad, then on cabinets, fridge etc. to post places.)
Your hardware is almost meaningless!
The value is in software and services.
We have to get through these days of "big boom" and device variety.
Eventually - value to the cloud.
The tablet will be how we define the next 20 years of computing.
Apple has such a jump on software and services, others having a hard time matching / leading
Also - this is what the kids are looking at.
(computer died mid way through)
Now beginning to see hybrid slider with keyboards (Bluestacks - Android on Win 8)
- Still want keyboard for content creation
Future of screen technology 2014 (similar to what we saw with Corning. Just another version of our dystopian future. The question - do I really want to be that distracted brushing my teeth?)
Biggest nut to crack in short term
- eRead screen (like Kindle) to LED screen
- Prototypes on market, but not ready yet
2nd biggest nut - sharing data
The technology doesn't sit still.
There is a sea change.
- Mobility + wireless = change in how people use technology to learn, work and play
Who will be the biggest winners and losers?
Secure SMS architecture between devices - ramifications for RIM enormous.
- No pushback from carriers, but wiped out carriers charge for SMS.
- iOS device - guess what, can't charge for SMS anymore for those devices
Steve took shot at hard drive and SMS industries in way we haven't seen in ages.
New category - ultrabooks (last week)
- 50% of laptops will look like Macbook Air
- Whole new level of mobility
- Further dependence on cloud and web
Think of significant movement in voice interfaces in a few years.
- More voice navigation and voice to text.
- Also have some safety issues
Future for desktops
- 1.5 years ago - laptops outsell desktops and declining.
- All in one desktop now stabilize desktop sales (families)
- What finding in homes, parents buying all in ones or large laptops. Becomes home information center.
- Netbooks - parents buy netbooks for kids to keep them from dominating time on desktop. Netbooks now decreasing because being replaced by tablets.
Desktops viable in corporate due to applications.
They see stuff very far in advanced. Easy to predict if you have seen the very early prototypes.
Surprises in consumer adoption cycles
- No one saw netbooks. They are/were horrible. (please see me trying to type on this thing that I'm using and how my stupid mouse keeps moving on me)
The next big user interface - voice.
- Nuance (Dragon Naturally Speaking), Intel